Specifically, it confirms the right to vote and lists conditions that are illegal to deny another person the right to vote. Any American cannot be denied the right to vote, based on race, color or being a former slave. The 15th amendment was important in that it not only finally gave African Americans the right to vote, but also allowed the most African Americans in history to be elected into public office. Once in office, they pursued laws that provided schools for all children and allowed people of different races to be married.
Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution Text of the 13th Amendment The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitudeexcept as punishment for a crime.
It was passed by the U. Senate on April 8,and, after one unsuccessful vote and extensive legislative maneuvering by the Lincoln administration, the House followed suit on January 31, The measure was swiftly ratified by all but three Union states the exceptions were Delaware, New Jersey, and Kentuckyand by a sufficient number of border and "reconstructed" Southern states, to be ratified by December 6, Seward proclaimed it to have been incorporated into the federal Constitution.
It became part of the Constitution 61 years after the Twelfth Amendment. This is the longest interval between constitutional amendments to date.
Although many slaves had been declared free by Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamationtheir legal status after the Civil War was uncertain.
By July 9,it had received ratifications by the legislatures of the required number of states in order to officially become the Fourteenth Amendment. On July 20,Secretary of State William Seward certified that it had been ratified and added to the federal Constitution.
The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to treatment of freedmen following the war. The amendment was bitterly contested, particularly by Southern states, which were forced to ratify it in order to return their delegations to Congress.
The Fourteenth Amendment, particularly its first section, is one of the most litigated parts of the Constitution, forming the basis for landmark decisions such as Roe v.
Waderegarding abortion, and Bush v. Goreregarding the presidential election. The second, third, and fourth sections of the amendment are seldom, if ever, litigated. The fifth section gives Congress enforcement power.
The amendment's first section includes several clauses: The Citizenship Clause provides a broad definition of citizenship, overruling the Supreme Court's decision in Dred Scott v. Sandfordwhich had held that Americans descended from Africans could not be citizens of the United States.
The Privileges or Immunities Clause has been interpreted in such a way that it does very little. While "Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment reduces congressional representation for states that deny suffrage on racial grounds," it was not enforced after southern states disfranchised blacks in the late 19th and early 20th centuries see below, at Fifteenth Amendment.
This clause has also been used by the federal judiciary to make most of the Bill of Rights applicable to the statesas well as to recognize substantive and procedural requirements that state laws must satisfy. The Equal Protection Clause requires each state to provide equal protection under the law to all people within its jurisdiction.
Board of Educationthat racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, and its prohibition of laws against interracial marriage, in its ruling in Loving v.
This amendment was the foundation of elements of the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of this also relied on the 15th Amendmentlegislation to end legal segregation in the states and to provide for oversight and enforcement by the federal government of citizens' rights to vote without discrimination.
It has also been referred to for many other court decisions rejecting unnecessary discrimination against people belonging to various groups.
Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution Text of the 15th Amendment The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's " racecoloror previous condition of servitude".
It was ratified on February 3,as the third and last of the Reconstruction Amendments.The 15th amendment protects the rights of Americans to vote in elections to elect their leaders.
Specifically, it confirms the right to vote and lists conditions that are illegal to . The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, , as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
Arguably one of the most consequential amendments to this day, the amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws and was proposed in response to issues related to former. The purpose of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the United States Constitution was to establish political equality for all Americans.
These amendments are collectively known as the Reconstruction Amendments. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the U.S. and all of its territories. The. The 15th amendment protects the rights of Americans to vote in elections to elect their leaders.
Specifically, it confirms the right to vote and lists conditions that are illegal to deny another person the right to vote. (The 14th amendment grants citizenship to all born in the United States and this amendment grants them the right to.
Although the Civil War officially ended slavery, the 14th Amendment to the Constitution cemented its demise. Develop an understanding of the 14th Amendment and test your knowledge with a short quiz.
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